波兰的教堂 Churches in Poland
1. 原先在波兹南居所旁的圣约翰鲍思高教堂（Kosciol SW.Jana Bosko），建筑风格有些怪异，其实应该属于现代风格。每逢整点，肃穆悠扬的教堂钟声自天穹飘来，任个人有何辉煌或烦恼、世界有何变动或灾难，顿时一种寄托感、安谧感、净化感悠然自心底而生。
The Kosciol SW. Jana Bosko, next to my residence in Poznan some year ago, has a somewhat strange architectural style that should be modern style. Every sharp hour, the solemn and melodious church bell sounds from the heavens, whatever glory or trouble anyone is experiencing and whatever changes or disasters occuring in the world, suddenly a sense of sustenance, tranquility, purity and leisurely appears from the bottom of one’s heart.
Kosc rzymskokatolicka Nawiedzenia Najsw Maryi Panny , the Poznan Community Notre Dame Catholic Church (front), has a modern and weird architectural style, looking like a musical instrument, maybe implying the praise for the Virgin Mary or the spiritual comfort by church music. Such a solemn Catholic church has a romantic artistic flavor, but actually it also reflects the Polish people’s pursuit of Art – photographed in Poznan in 2013
3. 波兰地下101.4米教堂–维利奇卡盐矿圣金加公主礼拜堂（Kaplica Świętej Kingi)。这座地下宗教宫殿始建于1896年，为慰藉矿工心灵，据说由三名矿工雕刻76年而成。礼拜堂的祭坛、神像、浮雕、水晶般吊灯等都是盐结晶雕成，堪称奇迹。故这里不允许触摸任何东西，只能用舌头舔一下咸咸的墙壁。维利奇卡盐矿是联合国教科文组织最高等级世界文化遗产，与肖邦并称波兰象征。
Kaplica Świętej Kingi of the Wieliczka Salt , the 101.4 meter underground church in Poland is an underground religious palace, built in 1896 in order to comfort the miners. It is said to have been carved by three miners for 76 years. Being a miracle, the altar, the statue, the relief, the crystal chandelier and so on are all carved out of salt crystals. Therefore, it is not allowed to touch anything here, but only to lick the salty walls with one’s tongue. Wieliczka Salt is the highest-ranking UNESCO World Heritage Site, also known as the symbol of Poland together with Chopin.
“Modern” Catholic Church in Polska – Poland is one of the most devout Catholic countries in Europe, the vast majority of Poles believe in Roman Catholicism, quite different from Lutheran Protestantism in the West and Orthodox in the eastern neighboring countries. Pope Paul II has become Poland’s pride. However, modern church architecture in Poland is becoming more and more even modernized, and it is reasonable to believe that the Poles will view religious doctrine from a developing perspective. – photographed at Parafia rzymsko-katolicka p.w. SW.karola boromeusza in Poznan and Gorzow
The confession room of the ancient Catholic Church in Poland – Confession is an important tradition of Catholicism. Each Catholic church has a full-time priest for confession sitting in a confession chamber, and the Confessor kneels at the confession window, groaning bitterly through dark cherry wood carvings and black veils: “Father, I am guilty!” “Well, child, confess your sins to the Father, to the Lord, and to our everlasting God, and confess your evil thoughts that haunt your heart; but here you must be honest and free from all lies.” Even though modern church architecture is becoming even more modern and confession rooms are becoming simpler, confession is still an important Catholic tradition, providing a chance for confessors to be free.
St. Peter’s and St. Paul’s Catholic Church in Poznan, Poland — the first Roman church built in 968 at Poznan’s earliest settlement and religious and spiritual center. The front tower is typical Baroque style, but the interior is extremely solemn and the main altar is Gothic. There are 12 magnificent chapels, buried with the founder of Poland, Meshko the First, and the first king Boleswa, and all Polish kings from the 10th to 13th centuries.
6. 波兹南圣斯坦尼斯教区教堂—东欧最华丽典型巴洛克式教堂之一，其内部无比华丽辉煌可以说超过西欧任何著名教堂，不朽的神坛、众多的雕塑与绘画作品，达到登峰造极, 由耶稣会士Thomas Poncino修建。
Saint Stannis Parish Church in Poznan, one of the most magnificent and typical Baroque churches in Eastern Europe, has a very magnificent interior that surpasses any famous church in Western Europe, and an immortal altar, numerous sculptures and paintings reach the peak of perfection, built by Jesuit Thomas Poncino.
The most historic church in the first capital of Poland. Meshko I of the Piyarst dynasty, was baptized by Latin in the year of 966 and formally converted to Christianity. The Pope for the first time established a Polish religious province in Gniezno, and the Polish state began to emerge. Gniezno became the earliest ancient capital of Poland. Great Gnezno Cathedral is Poland’s most magnificent Gothic building, with 14 chapels, three squares – photographed in Gnezno.
这是描述当时皈依基督教的洗礼的墙画 This is a wall painting describing the baptism of Christianity at that time:
The Church of the Holy Spirit in a small town of the Polish Border Special Economic Zone, only separated by a river from Germany, is hard to find similar church style in Germany. Although Germany was the birthplace of religious reform, the old and new churches in Germany are still moderate in style, while the new parish churches in Poland are built in a variety of ways – photographed in Slubice, a border town of Poland.
The traditional Catholic Church, the capital of Poland’s border provinces, is sacred, solemn, towering, magnificent and even gloomy. However, in Poland, new and old churches coexist and also different styles coexist, so visiting church is also very eye-catching. The three churches in the picture below photographed in Gozow: 1) Notre Dame’s Cathedral, although only one single tower soars into the sky, still has the sacred, solemn, towering, magnificent and even Sensen visual feeling; 2) Saint Stanny Costeca and Saint Anthony’s Cathedral, the spire soars direct into the sky, but because the building color is white, it would give people a feeling of palace in fairy tales, sweeping gloomy visual sensation; 3) The parish chapel has no the towering, magnificent and awe-inspiring momentum; and 4) the church photogrphed in Kostrzyn, a small town only separated by a river from Germany.
Pro-people chapels everywhere in Poland. Churches of hundreds of sects in Poland are seamlessly linked to the people in inspiring, comforting, educating, especially in faith and patriotic education, though churches officially seceded from politics after 1998. The small pro-people chapels have become the sacred home of the commen people. Sometimes it’s really hard to see if it’s a Catholic Church if you fail to pay enough attention to the cross somewhere on the building – photographed in Poznan
The most brillient street-centred Catholic Church in Poland. St. Alexander’s Cathedral in Warsaw does not show its majesty with grandeur, towering and solemnity, but sits in the middle of an important street showing its island’s privileged position and showing its majesty all the time: all the people and vehicles have to be running around it – photographed in Warsaw
Orthodox Church in Poland. Mother of the Devine God Christmas Church of Orthodox Parish in Gorzow, dedicated to Christmas celebrations, is a newly-built church in 1962. — Photographed in Gorzow
Wooden Church for Saints in Poland – This is a very elaborate chapel with whole wooden structure: the Roman Catholic All-Saints Church of the Archdiocese by Poznan Religious Heritage Protection, with all the wooden structures inside and outside, to commemorate the famous local saints who died in the Germany Nazi concentration camp during World War II – photographed in Chludowo
Ruins church in Poland – both Poland and Germany attach much importance to their history, and the ruins that should have been demolished in our eyes are indelible histories; there is a small town between Poland and Germany, divided into two cities in 1945, according to the Potsdam proclamation, bounded by River Oder, thus Poland’s Gubin and Germany’s Guben. This is the ruins Church in Gubin.
16. 摄于乌斯霍瓦的教堂 The church photographed in Wschowa
17. 摄于尼斯科的教堂 The church photographed in Nisko
18. 摄于皮瓦的教堂 The church photographed in Piła
19. 摄于戈茹夫的基督君主教堂塔楼 The Tower of Christ Monarch Church photographed in Gorzow_Wieza
20. 克拉科夫圣玛丽亚教堂 St. Mary’s Church in Krakow
21. 摄于格但斯克的教堂 The church photographed in Gdansk
22. 摄于托伦的圣母升天大教堂，建于14世纪 The Sacred Cathedral of the Virgin Mary built in Fourteenth Century, photographed in Torun
23. 摄于波兹南的教堂 Churches photographed in Poznan
这里是波兹南一个教堂后面的墓地，座椅上是年轻人在看书和休闲的老人 This is a cemetery behind a church in Poznan, where young people are reading and old people are relaxing themselves.
24. 摄于卢布林的教堂 Churches photographed in Lublin
25. 摄于奥斯特鲁夫的教堂 The church photographed in Ostrow Wielkopolski
26. 摄于格涅兹诺的教堂 The church photographed in Gniezno
27. 摄于华沙的教堂 Churches photographed in Warsaw
28. 摄于卡利什的教堂 The church photographed in Kalisz
29. 摄于卡托维兹的教堂 The church photographed in Katowic
30. 摄于马尔堡的教堂 The church photographed in Malbork
31. 摄于热平的教堂 The church photographed in Rzepin
32. 摄于沙莫图维的教堂 The church photographed in Szamotuly
33. 摄于什切青的教堂 The church photographed in Szczecin
34. 摄于乌斯霍瓦的教堂 The church photographed in Wschowa
Holy Cross Church, Warsaw. The heart of Chopin, Poland pianist, and the heart of Nobel Prize winner Reymont, Polish novelist, are buried in the church. The touching words “please bring my heart back to my motherland”. The heart of Chopin was rested in the second pillar of Holy Cross Church in Warsaw.
36. The church phtographed in Stalowa Wola