法国和西班牙的教堂 Churches in France and Spain
I. 法国的教堂 Churches in France
1. 巴黎圣母院 Notre Dame de Paris
2. 巴黎的其他教堂 Other churches in Paris
3. 枫丹白露-巴比松的小教堂 Chapel in Fontainebleauj-Barbizon
II. 西班牙的教堂 Churches in Spain
The Sanctuary of Barcelona, Spain – the full name is known as the Atonement Sanctuary of the Holy Family, was built in 1882 with personal donations. Anthony Gaudi continued the original designer and devoted his life to the design until he died in a car accident. Donations affect the progress of the project, so it is still under construction. Architectural style is of the Art Nouveau movement. The design utilized natural colors, inspired by plants and animals, mountains and caves, and so on, to present “Biblical” scenes, which are divided into birth facades, suffering facades and glorious facades under construction, as well as eighteen towers. The whole design has no straight line and plane, only spiral, cone, hyperbola and parabola. Gaudi once said: “The straight line belongs to mankind, and the curve belongs to God.”
Ancient Chinese scholars enjoyed very much “thin, leaky, penetrating, wrinkled, clear, ugly, stubborn, clumsy, strange, beautiful, dangerous, quiet” stones, especially “thin, leaky, penetrating, wrinkled, ugly” is the outstanding feature of strange stones, and Barcelona Sanctuary building seems to be more than the Taihu Stone in Chinese Suzhou gardens, which can be called the most “thin, leaky, penetrating, wrinkled, ugly” style. Isn’t it?
The Holy Family Church, which is still under construction, should be the eternal beauty of imperfection: the building of the Holy Family Church started without Gaudi’s presence, but when the Church was unfinished, Gaudi was buried in the catacombs of the Holy Family Church.